Gender Module of the national travel survey in Austria – mobility patterns of care-giving people
The project “Gender Module – mobility patterns of care-giving people” was commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology in addition to the recent Austrian-wide representative quantitative travel survey (2013-14). Within this research, five regions with quite different (public) transportation and geographic pre-conditions in Austria were defined and over 140 face-to-face in-depth interviews were carried out with individuals responsible for (unpaid) day-to-day care of their (own) children, parents, in-laws etc.
The five selected regions are:
- Inner city districts of Vienna with a dense public transportation system and huge infrastructure facilities;
- City of Graz, the second largest city in Austria;
- City of Eisenstadt which serves as an example for mid-size towns in Austria with a lower level of public transportation service that nevertheless serves a high-level of public infrastructure, such as public authorities, secondary schools etc.;
- The region of Waldviertel as a peripheral rural area with wide spread villages and smaller cities;
- The region of Defereggental as a peripheral alpine rural narrow valley with three municipalities with approximately 500 meter of altitude distance from one point of the built-up area to another.
The central questions of the interviews focus on, on the one hand, the respondent’s personal attitude towards family, household, employment and the division of paid and unpaid work among family members. On the other hand, information concerning day-to-day mobility patterns and travel purposes was also questioned. This study also surveys the needs and forms of mobility used by those people who are responsible for family-members’ care as well as their existing mobility obstacles. Interim results show that the following issues characterise the mobility patterns of care-givers:
- steadiness and flexibility
- time as a determining factor
- needs of persons looked after, like elderly citizens, get more important
In accordance with the qualitative paradigm, this study will then provide a detailed understanding of those processes, mobility and travel (purposes) and the connection with a person’s daily life and responsibilities. It should then become apparent that one can generate even more information about everyday mobility and trips rather than by simply focusing on just five to six pre-defined categories of “travel purposes” (see common travel survey methods).
Further information is available in German or please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
period: April 2013 – November 2014
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie (BMVIT)